Gonzaga family

   The Gonzaga ruled Mantua from 1328, when Luigi Gonzaga was elected Captain General of the People, until 1708, when Mantua was seized by the Austrian Hapsburgs. In 1433, Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund gave Gianfrancesco Gonzaga the title of marquis, while in 1530 Emperor Charles V conferred the title of duke to Federigo Gonzaga. In 1531, Federigo married Maria Palaeologo, daughter of the Marquis of Monferrato, a territory Charles V ceded to Federigo in 1536 when the Palaeologo line ended. A branch of the Gonzaga family settled in France where they became the Dukes of Nevers and Rethelois. Upon the extinction of the Italian line in 1627, the French Gonzaga took over the rule of Mantua, but not before the French monarchs and the Hapsburgs contested the succession. The war between the two factions ended in 1631 with the Treaty of Cherasco, and the Dukes of Nevers and Rethelois were able to rule Mantua until their own extinction in 1708. The Gonzaga court was a major center of arts and culture. Among the artists who served the family were Leon Battista Alberti, Andrea Mantegna, Correggio, Giulio Romano, and Peter Paul Rubens. Among the literary figures were Pietro Aretino and Torquato Tasso.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Gonzaga College — For the school in Washington, D.C., see Gonzaga College High School. For the school in Spokane, Washington, see Gonzaga University .Infobox Irish school name = Gonzaga College S.J. irish name = Coláiste Gonzaga C.Í motto s = Semper et Ubique… …   Wikipedia

  • GONZAGA, Giulia — (1513 1566) Giulia Gonzaga was a noblewoman from the illustrious Gonzaga family of Mantua who became an important patron of the Italian reformist movement. When she was fourteen, Gonzaga was married to Vespasiano Colonna, a wid­owed prince from… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Gonzaga University v. Doe — Supreme Court of the United States Argued April 24, 2002 Decided June 20, 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Gonzaga — may refer to:*House of Gonzaga, the family that ruled Mantua from 1328 to 1708 *Gonzaga College High School, a high school in Washington, D.C., U.S. * Gonzaga High School, a high school in St. John s, NL, Canada *Gonzaga Preparatory School, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Gonzaga dynasty — Italian dynasty that ruled Mantua 1328–1707 and Montferrat and Casale 1536–1707. Its history began with Luigi I (or Lodovico; 1267–1360), who gained control of Mantua in 1328. Its rulers, many noted as military and political leaders and patrons… …   Universalium

  • Gonzaga University School of Law — Infobox Law School name = Gonzaga University School of Law established = 1912 type = Private endowment = parent endowment = head = Earl Martin city = Spokane state = Washington country = USA students = 557… …   Wikipedia

  • Gonzaga Dynasty —    Ruling house of the Italian city of Mantua from 1328, first as signori (lords) of the city and from 1433 with the more elegant title of marquis, conferred on Ludovico II (1412 1478) by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund. By that time, the… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • GONZAGA —    the name of a princely family from Germany, settled in Mantua, from which the dukes were descended who ruled the territory from 1328 to 1708 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • House of Gonzaga — The Gonzaga family ruled Mantua in Northern Italy from 1328 to 1708. See Duchy of Mantua for a list of rulers.In 1433, Gianfrancesco I assumed the title of Marquis of Mantua, and in 1530 Federico II (1500 ndash;1540) received the title of Duke of …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Gonzaga, Duchess of Montferrat — Maria Regent of Mantua Spouse Charles Gonzaga Issue Eleonora, Holy Roman Empress Charles II, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat Full name …   Wikipedia

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